The Paris Agreement is the world`s first comprehensive climate agreement.  When the agreement received enough signatures to cross the threshold on October 5, 2016, US President Barack Obama said: “Even if we achieve every goal. We will only reach part of where we need to go. He also said that “this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change. It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder targets as technology advances, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations. “  Under the Paris Agreement, each country must define, plan and report regularly on the contribution it makes to the fight against global warming.  No mechanism obliges a country to set a specific emissions target before a given date, but each target should go beyond the targets set previously. The United States formally withdrew from the deal the day after the 2020 presidential election, although President-elect Joe Biden said America would join the deal after his inauguration.  The Paris Agreement is a pioneering environmental agreement that was adopted by almost all nations in 2015 to combat climate change and its negative effects. The agreement aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit the increase in global temperature to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels this century, while pursuing ways to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees. The agreement includes a commitment by all major emitting countries to reduce their climate pollution and strengthen these commitments over time. The compact provides a way for developed countries to assist developing countries in their efforts to combat climate change and adapt and provides a framework for transparency in monitoring, reporting and strengthening countries` individual and collective climate objectives. The Kyoto Protocol, a pioneering environmental agreement adopted at COP3 in Japan in 1997, is the first time that nations have agreed on legal country-specific emission reduction targets.
The protocol, which only entered into force in 2005, set binding emission reduction targets only for industrialized countries, arguing that they were responsible for most of the world`s high greenhouse gas emissions. The United States initially signed the agreement, but never ratified it; President George W. Bush argued that the deal would hurt the U.S. economy because developing countries like China and India would not be involved. Without the participation of these three countries, the effectiveness of the treaty has proven limited, as its objectives cover only a small fraction of all global emissions. . . .