Air Quality Agreement

The agreement is important to Canada because it provides a formal and flexible mechanism to address transboundary air pollution, which affects Canada`s air quality, human health and environment. It has also paved the way for bilateral cooperation in a large number of scientific activities related to air quality. The EQA established a framework to address common concerns related to transboundary air pollution and, in the first annex to the agreement, set targets for each country to reduce emissions that lead to acid deposition. An additional annex to the agreement was on scientific cooperation, and in 1997 the parties signed a “commitment to develop a joint action plan for the control of transboundary air pollution” in order to jointly address the common problems of ozone and fine particulate matter (PM).

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