The agreement defines the goods, services and associated processes. It argues that any goods or services lawfully placed on the market before leaving the Union may continue to be made available to consumers in the United Kingdom or in the Member States of the Union (Articles 40 and 41). The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the “Irish backstop”, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement that outlined provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland following the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contains a provision on a safety net to deal with circumstances in which other satisfactory arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described below. After the entry into force of the WAB, the Withdrawal Agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. The Withdrawal Agreement is supplemented by the Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the European Union and the Declaration by Her Majesty Her Majesty of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the application of the provision of the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland on `democratic consent in Northern Ireland`. The Political Declaration aims to “define the parameters of an ambitious, broad, deep and flexible partnership within the framework of trade and economic cooperation, with a comprehensive and balanced free trade agreement at its core”. It sets the tone and provides the framework for the detailed and complex negotiations that followed, during which the UK and the EU attempted to reach an agreement on a free trade agreement. The WAB turns Boris Johnson`s withdrawal agreement, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and gives the government permission to ratify it. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons was from cold to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month.
Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. On 15 November 2018, one day after the british government cabinet presented and supported the agreement, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Leaving the European Union.  The EU Withdrawal Agreement itself is a legally binding document. .